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A Judge and the Emperor

Biblioteca Apostolica Vaticana, Palatina lat. 1564, fol. 4r

Jurisprudence of Norms (Maxims-Rules)

Necessitas legem non habet (Necessity knows no law)

Quod omnes tangit ab omnibus approbari debet (What touches all must be approved by all)

Item quilibet presumitur innocens nisi probetur nocens (A person is presumed innocent until proven guilty)