The Life of Pope Gregory VII

Otto of Freising's History

Jena, Thüringer Universitäts-Landesbibliothek, Bos. q.6, fol. 79r

<Gregorian> Reform Movement (Investiture Controversy)

Major Issues:

Clerical Marriage, Simony, Investiture of Clergy by Laymen, and Proprietary Churches (Eigenkirche)

Short Bibliography in English.  See Blumenthal, The Investiture Controversy for an extensive bibliography of books and essays in other languages.

H.E.J. Cowdrey, The Register of Pope Gregory VII, 1073-1085: An English Translation (New York: Oxford University Press, 2003). 

 H.E.J. Cowdrey, ed., The Epistolae vagantes of Pope Gregory VII, Oxford Medieval Texts (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1972).

Uta-Renate Blumenthal, The Investiture Controversy: Church and Monarchy from the Ninth to the Twelfth Century, Middle Ages Series (Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1988).

H.E.J. Cowdrey, Pope Gregory VII, 1073-1085 (New York: Oxford University Press, 1998).

Kathleen Cushing, Papacy and Law in the Gregorian Revolution, Oxford Historical Monographs (New York: Oxford University Press, 1998).

Susan Wood, The Proprietary Church in the Medieval West (New York: Oxford University Press, 2006).