Hierarchy of Laws

1. Divine Law

2. Natural Law - Ius gentium

3. Positive Law (Ius positivum)

and Custom

K÷ln, Erzbisch÷fliche Di÷zesan- und Dombibliothek 127, fol. 9r

 

 

Consent

Liber Sextus of Pope Boniface VIII  5.12.29

"Quod omnes tangit debet  ab omnibus approbari"

Justinian's Codex 5.59.5.2

"Necesse est omnes suam auctoritatem praestare, ut, quod omnes similiter tangit, ab omnibus comprobetur"

 

Church Councils

Legislation

Rules governing universitates (Corporations)

Ken Pennington, Representation in Medieval Canon Law