John Cadel’s”The Emigrants”  Italian Cultural Center of Casa Italia in Stone Park (Chicago).

Right to Immigrate


Emanuel Gonzalez Tellez (1649)

Truly the present decision is contrary to ius and natural liberty and cannot be held. For a disposition of ius that infringes upon natural liberty cannot be admitted. The present disposition infringes upon natural liberty and cannot be sustained. First we may prove the minor thesis: a disposition that anyone may not leave a certain place or a certain city infringes upon natural liberty. [Verum praesens decisio ut juri et naturali libertati contraria, sustineri nequit; nam juris dispositio, per quam infringitur naturalis libertas, admitti non debet, sed praesens dispositio infringit naturalem libertatem, igitur sustineri non debet. Probatur minor, nam dispositio ut quis a tali loco vel civitate non recedat, infringit naturalem libertatem]


Hugo Grotius (1583-1645),

De iure belli ac pacis libri tres (1625)

Rights of Indigenous Peoples

Bartolomé de Las Casas

The Road to 1917