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The Literature of the Twelfth Century: Latin and Vernacular

Vernacular Poetry

Song of Roland: troubadors
Another image of troubadors

Archbishop Turpin, Ganelon, Charlemagne

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Keltic (Celtic) Myth  Lands of the Kelts

Geoffrey of Monmouth, History of the Kings of Britain (in Latin)

The Arthurian Legends have influenced European literature, art, music, and myths.  For information about the influence of the legends, click here.

For information about the Arthurian Legends and all the characters in the stories, click here.

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Courtly Love

Image of Courtly Love, Chivalry, Images of knights in combat

King Arthur, Lancelot and Queen Guinevere

Romance of Tristan, King Mark, Yseut, Tristan, Governal, Brangain


Feudalism, lord, vassal, homage, fealty

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  You can find information about Norse Sagas on the links below.

King Harald's Saga  Information about the Sagas and Snorri Sturluson 
Georgios, Varangians
  Harald Hardradi (Sigurdsson)
Hakon Ivarsson,  Ragnhild, daughter of King Magnus