Justinian's Codex Book 8


 title 4 lex 1 (Title: Unde


 vi, Recte possidenti)


The Emperors Diocletian and Maximian, and the Caesars, to Theodorus.

A person lawfully in possession has the right to use a controlled amount  of blameless (justified) force (resistance) [moderamen inculpatae tutelae] to repel any violence exerted for the purpose of depriving him of possession, if he holds the property without defect.

Published on the fifteenth of the Kalends of December, during the Consulate of Diocletian, Consul for the fourth time, and Maximian, Consul for the third time, 290.

Recte possidenti ad defendendam possessionem quam sine vitio tenebat, inculpatae tutelae moderatione illatam vim propulsare licet.



Stuttgart, Württembergische  Landesbibliothek jur. 71, fol. 152vb
Italian (saec. XII.1) Justinian's Codex 8.4.1  Glosses of Irnerius et alii


Glossa interlinea: "Hec enim vicia intelliguntur: id est non vi, non clam; idest moderata pãique (?) tuitione."