TRS 220: Christianity in the Eastern Mediterranean and the Rise of Islam
Topic 3


The Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire)


A view of Constantinople from Hagia Sophia

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Empress Theodora

Map of Justinian's Empire (527-565)

Centers of Byzantine Power
Ravenna (West) Constantinople (East)
Emperor Justinian (527-565) and Empress Theodora

Center of Justinian's Empire in the West: Ravenna

Procopius, in his Secret Histories wrote a very unflattering account of Theodora's life before she married Justinian.  Why was Procopius so unsympathetic to her?

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3D View of the Interior of Hagia Sophia

The church of the Hagia Sophia built by Justinian; the four minarets were added later after the church was transformed into a mosque. View of Hagia Sopia from the harbor of Constantinople

Time Line

Fortifications of Constantinople in a sixteenth-century woodcut
Caesaropapism (Theocracy) Corpus iuris civilis (Code of Roman Law) 530-535 AD


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Rise of Islam

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Mohammed (Muhammad) (born 570, died  632) Time line

Qur'an (Koran)   Sura 1
In the name of Allah, the Beneficent, the Merciful.

[1.1] All praise is due to Allah, the Lord of the Worlds.
[1.2] The Beneficent, the Merciful.
[1.3] Master of the Day of Judgment.
[1.4] Thee do we serve and Thee do we beseech for help.
[1.5] Keep us on the right path.
[1.6] The path of those upon whom Thou hast bestowed favors. Not (the path) of those upon whom Thy wrath is brought down, nor of those who go astray.

Map of Arab Conquests

Abu Bakr: Syria, Persia, Indus River, Northern Africa, Visigothic Spain

The Dome of the Rock:  Oldest Moslem religious building

Time line    Charlemagne

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